Psicotécnica Pedagógica. SH Aplicación de la Psicotécnica Ubicación de la Psicotécnica dentro de la Psicología. Spanish term or phrase: Psicotécnica Pedagógica myolicotiball.gq /doi/pdf//jtbx - P. PDF | The paper analyzes the explanations about individual Normal de São Paulo and transcribed in Psicologia e psicotécnica (, p. 67).
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In R. H. Campos (Org.), Dicionário Brasileiros de Psicotécnica, 17(2), Biográfico da São Paulo: Edição Pedagógica Universitária. Dias, D. de O. E-PDF ISBN: –1–––2. DOI: / as the Istituto medico pedagogico for disturbed minors. “Psicotecnica e autarchia. práticas de caráter pedagógico e psicológico. (Massimi, , p. .. para a prática pedagógica e a base teórica .. Psicotécnica encaminha, nesse mesmo ano.
On the one hand, there are those who say that the war accelerated industrial development, because with the eventual decrease of imports because of the war , small foundry workshops tried to reuse the old iron, an aspect that expanded the number of metallurgical workshops that used simple equipment in the production of cast iron parts. Others, in turn, regard the period of the First World War as unfavorable to both industrial production and investment, owing to the substantial reduction in imports of heavy equipment, mainly from Europe.
All this historiographical controversy, already studied in detail by others see Marson, , is beyond the scope of this article. For the scenario of demands of the time, faced with the scope of a Work Psychology, it suffices to point out that the impossibility of maintaining the flow of imports stimulated, on the one hand, the expansion of simpler sectors of industrial production, and prevented, on the other hand, the constitution of more complex industrial sectors.
In fact, such factories in the First Brazilian Republic had, for the most part, typically handicraft characteristics, including the use of raw material from recycled used metal, since they were small manufacturing establishments with, in many cases, direct action of the owner of the business.
Therefore, there was no large-scale production by this small local industry, but only repair of machines and parts replacement, a complementary aspect to imports that diminished during and shortly after the war. With the effective absence of industrial activity, and from a genealogical perspective Foucault, , it is possible to emphasize, in this historical moment, only a few relationships of provenience that would later constitute an incipient psychotechnology applied to work.
This means emphasizing the importance of the demarcation of setbacks, to demonstrate how much the knowledge and psychological techniques, in the years prior to the Vargas Era, did not necessarily imply a process that was gradually executed and concretized.
On the contrary, the evident historical discontinuities show a state of social forces in dispute, producing a random and unstable number of misunderstandings and successes. The turn of the s and s, however, needs to be interpreted both because of the collapse of the New York Stock Exchange in and because of the revolution of in Brazil.
Therefore, what is possible to perceive in the period prior to such a change are two critical aspects in these relationships of provenance of a Work Psychology that would emerge in Rio de Janeiro, more fully, only in the Vargas Era. The analysis of discursive practices and Psicol.
This was because Amaro Cavalcanti , who was elected mayor of the Federal District on January 15, , decided that this school of arts and crafts to be created as a model institution for the other states would follow the procedure adopted in the United States. To do so, Amaro Cavalcanti began to make contact, through letters, with the USA, to reproduce here the same principles of professional qualification. What can be analyzed, however, is that the effort to pursue the ideal model in Illinois indicated a willingness to know impregnated by the admiration of what American industrialization represented.
In the meantime, the opposite movement — which instead of requesting plans, elaborated abroad, meant bringing foreign teachers to Brazil — also arises from a willingness to know, more characteristic of the s, which led to the training of dealing with certain instruments Oliveira, , supported institutionally by psychology laboratories , and oriented to specific uses of psychotechnologies in the workforce.
Emphasizing, however, that in this psychotechnics context, both psychology applied to education and clinical medicine was already at a stage where an attempt to elaborate a complete system could be perceived, where as psychology applied to work remained comparatively at a preliminary stage.
As we know, the second half of the 20th century differentiated, with boundaries that tended to be sharper, the psychological knowledge in the fields of education, work, and clinical practice. A historical analysis of psychology, however, allows us to verify that initially the techniques of a given professional area were emerging within other areas, in a multifaceted way.
That is, certain departmental frontiers and institutional limits, now a days possibly monolithic, have not always existed. Therefore, it is possible to perceive, in the First Brazilian Republic, that some initiatives originating in other contexts gave special proximity to industrial psychology. This emphasis on psychotechnics consisted exclusively of a statement situated mainly in Sao Paulo, Brazil and limited to an intellectual elite.
However, even in this small circle, there was no systematization of an adequate and developed knowledge, but a will to know that led and sustained a discursive practice enthusiastic about the notion of progress and development, as verified in the situations indicated below. Lopes, a, p. In fact, on the initiative of physician Antonio Fernandes Figueira, the then Brazilian League of Mental Hygiene organized a series of investigations into the fatigue of young workers in industrial activities in The point at issue is that such research was conducted — about the choice of methods and practical experimentation — by Radecki and his wife, although in collaboration with the Inspectorate for Child Hygiene of the National Department of Public Health.
In the analysis of the History of Psychology in Brazil, however, there are some controversies about the effective profile of Radecki in his multiple contributions.
The question that needs to be emphasized according to the purposes of this article, however, is that both the evaluation of child fatigue and the selection of airplane pilots were performed within the Psychology Laboratory installed at the of Psychopath Colony in Engenho de Dentro.
This laboratory was initially conceived as a medical auxiliary institution of experimental psychology within a psychiatric colony. The development of these relationships between clinical practices of physicians and techniques today characterized as Work Psychology, however, can be easily identified in some of the actions that were performed e.
This is because Radecki had an interest in disseminating psychological knowledge and had contacts with different sectors and institutions. Consequently, through agreements with the Army Aviation Board Brazilian Airforce — FAB — would only be created years later , some of the military physicians who participated in a psychology course were assigned to remain in the laboratory to learn to develop psychological research for the selection of aviators.
Initiatives that, incidentally, have failed, because of the closure of the institute, seven months later, by a new presidential decree. However, such historiography does not always put into perspective the elements that would allow to trace the origin of the constitution of a psychology applied to work.
Moreover, when he moved to Rio de Janeiro in to direct the Institute of Education of the Federal District, he continued to develop actions that contributed to the development of Work Psychology. Now, what we need to realize is that it is not a doing inherent to some essentialized object, but that object contingently specified in the disputes of social groups, at each historical moment.
It should be noted that, because of the revolution of , as in any time of social disruption, the ruptures of collective or individual action must become the principle of historical intelligibility Certeau, Consequently, it is worth reflecting that the ruptures implied in the Vargas Era provided new insights into the workforce, which even summed up the discourse of the emerging psychotechnics in terms of a sociocultural whole — full of tensions, conflict networks, and power games — broaderthan the linear historiographical narratives of Brazilian psychology tend to homogenize.
Final considerations The main contribution of this research — in view of the objective of analyzing the psychological techniques, knowledge, and practices in Rio de Janeiro during the First Brazilian Republic — to look at the History of Psychology in Brazil from a viewpoint less frequented by the historiography that in recent years has developed in Brazilian research.
In addition to the problematic institutionalization of this type of classification, as a type of aprioristic structure of study, it must be emphasized that each of these respective histories also have their respective heroes. Due to the rigid boundaries of this mentioned historiography marked by tight thematic approaches, some may consider an inappropriateness to situate it within the History of Work Psychology and, therefore, incur a reductionism in the understanding of the historicity of the psychology that was constituted in Brazil.
The same, however, could be said of Radecki or of any other supposed pioneer hero. This article, therefore, provides adequate subsidies for a broader perception of the dynamics of the techniques, knowledge, and practices that were, in the early 20th century, taking incipient contours in the socio-political development in Brazil. Consequently, it also allows for new insights that may stimulate more dialogical and less reductionist historical investigations.
References Antunes, M. Arquivos Filho — Campos Org. Baptista, M. Psicologia em Pesquisa, 5 2 , The manual arts. Las instituciones de profilaxis mental Manual Arts Press. History of manual and industrial 1 2 , Pesquizas experimentaes sobre a Press.
Archivos Brasileiros de Hygiene Mental, 1 2 , psychology? Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia, Lopes, R. Psychologica, 13 5 , Revista Latinoamericana de Marson, M. Radecki e a Psicologia no Brasil. Certeau, M. Massimi, M. Dias, D. Fausto, B. Moraes, C. Universitas Munsterberg, H. Psychologyand Industrial Fonseca, C. Fonseca, L. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. See all condition definitions — opens e6b2-cwz6c a new window or tab Special financing available Select PayPal Credit at e6b2-cwz6c to have the option to pay over time.
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